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Reopening of Nazir Abbasi case urged

 HYDERABAD, Sept 17: Activists of different left wing parties staged a march from the Sindh University Model School to the press club here on Thursday, demanding reopening of comrade Nazeer Abbasi murder case and arrest of Brig (Rtd) Imtiaz and other accused.

The activists of the Communist Party of Pakistan, Awami Party, Labour Party and other left wing parties participated in the rally. They were led by Taj Mari, Imdad Qazi and Latif Inqalabi.

A declaration issued on the occasion said that during the Ziaul Haq martial law, an operation was launched against the Communist Party of Pakistan in which the central leadership of the party was arrested and Nazeer Abbasi was tortured to death.

The declaration said that it was not the first operation against the left wing parties in the country. The declaration demanded reopening of Nazeer Abbasi murder case and arrest of those involved in the killing.  

Demonstration held for Nazeer Abbasi
 Saturday, September 05, 2009
By By Shahid Husain


Left-wing activists, under the support of the Awami Party held a demonstration by chanting slogans in solidarity with the martyred communist leader, Nazeer Abbasi and against the ex-Intelligence Bureau (IB) Chief Brig (retd) Imtiaz in front of the Karachi Press Club Friday afternoon. 

Nazeer Abbasi, a leader from the Sindh National Students Federation (SNSF) and a central committee member of the Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP) was arrested along with several other CPP leaders which included Prof. Jamaluddin Naqvi, Sohail Sangi, Kamal Warsi, Shabbir Shar, Badar Abro and Amar Lal on July 29, 1980 during General Ziaul Haq’s regime. They were interrogated and brutally tortured for two months at the FIA Centre in Karachi and an army house near the Cantt railway station.

Sohail Sangi, a senior journalist based in Hyderabad told The News about his experience, saying that “I was kept at an undisclosed military unit near the Cantt. Railway station while Nazeer Abbasi, Prof. Jamaluddin Naqvi and Kamal Warsi were interrogated at the FIA Centre”. He further added that “Brig. Imtiaz himself admitted in a recent TV interview that the decision for a crackdown on the communist group was taken after a Corps Commanders meeting which led them to think that the CPP was a potential threat to the proxy war fought by the Gen. Ziaul Haq in the previous Afghan War”.

Human rights activists and democratic forces were shocked to find out that on August 9, 1980 Nazeer Abbasi had been tortured to death. BBC was the one to break the news for the citizens of Pakistan as there was a complete censorship in the country at the time and through the same channel, statements by Pakistan People’s Party leader Begum Nusrat Bhutto and CPP General Secretary Imam Ali Nazish condemning the death of Abbasi were aired.

Two other leaders from the CPP, Sohail Sangi and Badar Abro, after five years of confinement were told that they have been acquitted as no charges could be proved against them while Shabbir Shar and Kamal Warsi remained in jail for seven years. Nazeer Abbasi’s wife, Hameeda Ghangro, tried hard to get the marauders arrested but the rule of a notorious dictator dictated otherwise. Abbasi’s body was not handed over to his family, but to Abdus Sattar Edhi, who buried him in the Sakhi Hasan Graveyard. 

The demo at the Karachi Press Club was attended by, Hameeda Ghangro, amongst other left-wing activists. The demonstrators urged the Chief Justice of Pakistan to order an inquiry in the brutal murder of Abbasi and constitute a commission comprising human rights organisations and concerned citizens. They also demanded that the FIR lodged by Hameeda Ghangro in 1980 be “re-opened” and Brig. Imtiaz should be inquired and arrested.

Nazir Abbasi – A legendary Hero of Sindh 

Nazir Abbasi – A legendary Hero of Sindh

Nazir Abbasi

Nazir Abbasi

by: Khalid Hashmani, McLean, Virginia, USA

During the months of July and August, many in Sindh are celebrating sacrifice of Shaheed Nazir Abbasi as he was last arrested on July 30, 1980 by spy agency, who tortured him, until he died on August 9, 1989. An excellent write-up on him in Sindhi by Hasan Mujtab is accessible at the following link:

A synopsis on Nazir Abbasi’s life primarily based on that article, written by me, is given below.

One may disagree with some of the aspects of Nazir’s political views, but there is no doubt that he was one of the greatest sons of Sindh. He spent much of his life to seek justice for the poor people of Pakistan and died bravely fighting one of the cruelest dictators of all times.

Let us all salute to Nazir Abbasi’s bravery and pray that God will bestow many more Nazir Abbasi to Sindh, who will fight to bring justice to Sindhis and others!


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Nazi Abbasi – A legendary Hero of Sindh

Nazir Abbasi was the most courageous and bold Sindhi student leaders who was killed by Zia-ul Haq’s brutal ISI. Then colonel Imtiaz (and later Brigadier) tortured him and his cruel ISI subordinates the likes of who continue to hunt Sindhis and Baluch even today.

The Peoples Party made a historic promise bring to justice all the culprits who killed Nazir Abbasi. Although a case was filed during the last short rule of Benazir Bhutto, who had promised to fight for justice for Nazir Abbasi, the current leaders of PPP have forgotten that historic promise. Mr. Hasan Mujtaba says that he does not believe that it going to happen because the senior leaders of PPP would immediately receive protest calls from Nawaz Sharif, General Kiyani, and General Musharraf.

Mr. Mujtaba criticizes the rule of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto and says scores of student leaders were jailed during his rule and Bhutto did not even spare family members of students. He cites the example of Nazir Abbasi, when the police could not catch him once, Bhutto’s regime-imprisoned mother, father, brothers, and sisters of Nazir Abbasi in Tando Allahyar jail.

Nazir Abbasi believed in the revolution of the benefit of poor people. His belief in the revolution was so strong that people used say he is married to the “revolution” . Nazir had a beautiful voice and no one could stop him from singing whether he was on rail or in jail. His singing style was like famous Sindhi singer Dholan Fakir. When in 1978, he was incarcerated in Quetta jail; his singing impressed the jail guards so much that every day they wanted to hear him sing and frequented him to sing. He was also arrested in veining days of Bhutto rule. He spent much of his adult life in prison under Pakistan Defense Rules. He was the President of Sindh National Student Federation and in later years to formulate a Pakistan-level student body called “Pakistan Federal Union of Students. This mage Zia-ul Haq very angry and he ordered Nazir Abbasi’s arrest immediately while Nazir Abbasi’s wife Hamida Ghanghro was already in jail.

With Colonel Imtiaz being in charge of ISI Sindh, who began a new phase of extreme torture against Sindhi activists. Nazir Abbasi was arrested with his friends Suhail Sangi (now journalist), Badar Abro, and Kamal Warsi. After extreme torture, the extent of which only the culprits and God knows, he died from serious injuries from torturer on 9 August 1989. An official of Edhi Foundation said that the condition of Nazir Abbasi’s dead body was had so many injuries that it seemed as if some one had attacked every part of his body with a broken glass bottle. Nazir Abbasi is buried in Hyderabad’s Sakhi Hasan graveyard.

Many Sindhis consider Nazir Abbasi only next to Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto as having severely opposed the regime of Zia-ul Haq. Like Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, he too gave his life. A revolutionary friend of Nazir Abbasi once remarked that “He was killed behind bars, otherwise no one as bold and as courageous was among the Pakistan’s revolutionary cadres”.

جي آمريت خلاف ڊگهي ويڙهه وڙهندڙ بهادر ماڻهن جو انگ شايد لکن ۾ هُجي. آمراڻي جارحيت خلاف هزارين ماڻهن پنهنجو رت ڏيئي امرتا ماڻي. هزارين ماڻهو سالن تائين جيلن جي ڪوٺڙين ۾ بند رهيا. لانگ بوٽن جي راڄ خلاف ڊگهي جدوجهد ۾ شهيد نذير عباسيءَ جو ڪردار اڏول ۽ اڻ مٽ آهي. نذير عباسيءَ جنهن مقصد لاءِ جدوجهد پئي ڪئي سا هن ڏيهه جي غريب ماڻهن لاءِ آجپي جو خواب هُئو. نه وسرندڙ قربانين جو هڪ ڊگهو سفر هُئو. اُن سفر ۾ شامل اُهي سڀ ماڻهو اڄ کڻي ڪٿي به هُجن اُنهن هن ڌرتيءَ جي تاريخ کي پنهنجي قربانيءَ سان لکيو. آءِ ايس آءِ جي تڏهوڪي چيف جنرل حميد گُل ۽ سنڌ جي انچارج برگيڊيئر امتياز جا ڪردار سنڌ جو ماڻهو ڪڏهن به ڪونه وساري سگهندو. جنرل ضياءَ جي آمريت جا هي ٻئي مُک ڪارندا هُئا. جنرل حميد گُل ڳچ سالن کان سياست جي نالي ۾ جمهوريت پسنديءَ جو ڊرامو ڪري رهيو آهي. سندس ڇاڙتي برگيڊيئر امتياز کي وري تازو ڪجهه قوتن جمهوريت جي نالي ۾ عوامي حڪومت خلاف ڪم ڪرڻ لاءِ ميدان ۾ لاٿو آهي. برگيڊيئر رٽائرڊ امتياز جي چهري تي اڄ به رانڀوٽن جا نشان چٽا ڏسي سگهجن ٿا، سندس نرڙ تي قاتل، جلاد، جمهوريت دشمن، آمريت جو ڇاڙتو جهڙا لفظ لکيل ملندا. سندس اکين ۾ اڄ به شيطانيت ڏسي سگهجي ٿي. هُن ضياءَ دور ۾ پاڻ لاءِ لفظ ”ٻلو“ جي چونڊ ڪئي هُئي. بعد ۾ هڪ آپريشن جو نالو ”مڊ نائٽ جئڪال“ (اڌ رات جا گدڙ) رکيو هُئو. جانورن سان سندس قربت ئي سندس انسان هجڻ جي خلاف شاهدي آهي. شهيد نذير عباسيءَ جي وني ۽ ساٿين تازو تاريخ کي گدڙن ۽ ٻِلن جو ڪو گناهه ياد ڏياريو آهي

شهيد نذير عباسي جي بيوه حميده گهانگهرو ۽ ساڻس گڏ گرفتار ٿيندڙ ساٿين پروفيسر جمال نقوي ۽ ڪمال وارثيءَ هڪ دفعو وري جمهوري سرڪار جو در کڙڪايو آهي ۽ نذير عباسي شهيد جو ڪيس جمهوريت جي عدالت ۾ کڻي آيا آهن. هنن پنهنجي پريس ڪانفرنس ۾ تاريخ کي جنجهوڙيو آهي، ته 9 آگسٽ 1980ع تي جنهن شخص جو لاش خاموشيءَ ۾ سخي حسن ناظم آباد جي قبرستان ۾ دفنايو ويو اُهو ته اڄ به جيئرو آهي- تاريخ ۾ امر آهي. 29 سال ته ٿورو عرصو آهي. نذير عباسي ته شايد صدين تائين جيئرو رهڻو آهي. آمريت جي منهن تي اڄ به ماڻهو ڀونڊا ڏيئي رهيا آهن. مٿن لعنتون وسي رهيون آهن. نذير عباسي جي ساٿين جو چوڻ آهي ته 17 هين آگسٽ 1980ع تي آمر جنرل ضياءَ ۽ سندس ڇاڙتن خلاف نذير عباسي جي قتل جي ايف آءِ آر داخل ڪئي وئي هئي. ان ڪيس ۾ ريٽائرڊ برگيڊيئر امتياز به شامل آهي. اُن لاءِ اهڙي قاتل کي بنا دير گرفتار ڪيو وڃي. حميده گهانگهرو ٻڌائي ٿي ته 1994ع ۾ محترما بينظير ڀٽو کيس ۽ نذير جي ساٿين کي اسلام آباد سڏايو هُئو (ان جي ذاتي طور مون کي به ڄاڻ آهي، تڏهوڪو صلاحڪار ۽ نذير عباسيءَ جو ساٿي ڪامريڊ ڄام ساقي محترمه بينظير ڀٽو سان رابطن ۾ رهيو ۽ لکت پڙهت به ڪيائين، بعد ۾ محترما هڪ وفد کي اسلام آباد سڏايو هُئو) حميد جو چوڻ آهي ته وزيراعظم بينظير ڀٽو پاڻ چيو هُئو ته کيس ڄاڻ آهي ته برگيڊيئر امتياز نذير عباسي کي شهيد ڪرڻ واري ڪيس ۾ ملوث آهي. سرڪار سندس خلاف تحقيقات ڪرائي پئي. برگيڊيئر امتياز ان زماني ۾ ڳجها راز ظاهر ڪرڻ ۽ جمهوريت خلاف سازشون ڪرڻ ۾ رڌل رهيو. کيس گرفتار به ڪيو ويو هُئو، پر پوءِ سڀني ڏٺو محترما جي سرڪار جي خاتمي لاءِ ڳجهن ادارن ڪيئن نه ڪردار ادا ڪيو هُئو، جنهن جي پڄاڻي مرتضيٰ ڀٽو جي قتل تي ٿي هُئي ۽ محترما جي حڪومت ئي ختم ٿي. ان کان پوءِ هاڻي جڏهن پيپلز پارٽيءَ جي سرڪار آئي ته اُها محترما بينظير ڀٽو جي سِر جو دان ڏيئي آئي آهي. شايد اهوئي سبب آهي جو ڪامريڊ، ترقي پسند، ڪميونسٽ يا نذير عباسيءَ جا ساٿي هن حڪومت ۾ اِها حُجت ڪري رهيا آهن ته اُها جمهوريت جي پاسداريءَ لاءِ، محترما بينظير ڀٽو جي خواب خاطر انهن گدڙن کي گرفتار ڪري جيڪي هن حڪومت خلاف به ساڳين سازشن ۾ رُڌل آهن.
مون تاريخ جا ورق کوليندي ڪامريڊ ڪمال وارثيءَ کان پڇيو ته ڀلا گرفتاريءَ کان پوءِ ڇا ٿيو، برگيڊيئر امتياز کي توهان ڪيئن ٿا ملوث ڪريو؟ ڪمال وارثي ٻڌائي ٿو: اسان کي گرفتار ڪري رنجٽ پلازه جي سامهون جيڪو هيڊ ڪوارٽر آهي اتي کڻي آيا، مون کي، نذير ۽ پروفيسر جمال کي الڳ الڳ کولين ۾ رکيو ويو. رات جو اسان تي تشدد ڪندا هُئا، سوال اچي برگيڊيئر امتياز پُڇندو هو. سندس سوال ڪجهه هن ريت هُئا: ڪهڙي مُلڪ سان توهان جو رابطو آهي. فنڊ ڪير ڏيندو آهي. پارٽي ۾ ڪهڙا ڪهڙا ماڻهو آهن، سُرخ پرچم ڪير ٿو ڪڍي، روس سان اوهان جا ڪيترا واسطا آهن وغيره وغيره. ڪمال ٻڌائي ٿو ته: اسان جوان هُئاسين، نذير بلڪل نوجوان هُئو. پر پروفيسر جمال بزرگ هُئو ان تي به ٽارچر ڪندا هُئا ۽ اسان کي پيرن ۾ ڏنڊا ٻيڙيون هنيون ويون هيون. تشدد ٿيندو هُئو ته ڏنڊا ٻيڙين مان آواز ايندو هُئو. سندس چواڻي ته ڇهين ۽ ستين آگسٽ جي وچ واري رات نذير عباسيءَ تي تمام گهڻو تشدد ڪيو ويو. هُو سندس ڀرواري کوليءَ ۾ هُئو. سڄي رات آواز ايندا رهيا. ستين آگسٽ تي نذير عباسي کي کوليءَ مان ٻاهر ڪڍي اسان جي اڳيان وٺي ويا. هُو رت ۾ ڳاڙهو هُئو. کيس گهليو پئي ويو، اُن کان پوءِ ڄاڻايل کوليءَ کان ڪو به آواز ٻڌڻ ۾ ڪونه آيو.“ حميده ٻڌائي ٿي ته وٽس تڏهوڪي ميڊيڪل رپورٽ موجود آهي. پوسٽ مارٽم رپورٽ ۾ ڄاڻايل آهي ته نذير عباسي جي جسم تي 10 نشان هُئا، کيس گهرا ڌڪ لڳل هُئا، جن سبب سندس موت ٿيو. پاڪستان جي ڪميونسٽ تحريڪ جي اهم اڳواڻ پروفيسر جمال نقويءَ جو اُهو جوت هاڻي ختم ٿي ويو آهي. هُو ڏاڍو هيڻو ٿي ويو آهي. مان کانئس به ٽارچر جي باري ۾ پڇيو. پروفيسر جمالي نقوي وراڻي ٿو ته هُو طرح طرح جو ٽارچر ڪندا هُئا. هنن کي اها خبر هُئي ته ڪميونسٽ پارٽيءَ جو ڪردار ڇا آهي. سندس چواڻي ته اسان بلڪل زخمي هُئاسين جڏهن نالي واري اردو اخبار لاءِ ڪو اسان جو فوٽو ڪڍڻ آيو، کيس زبردستي ٽيڪ ڏئي ويهاري تصوير ڪڍرائي وئي. اُهي تصويرون اخبارن ۾ ٻئي ڏينهن ڇپيون جن ۾ باقي سمورن ساٿين جا نالا هُئا پر نذير عباسيءَ جو نالو ڪونه هُئو. جنهن سبب اسان سمجهيو ته شايد هاڻي نذير عباسي اسان جي وچ ۾ جسماني طور ڪونه رهيو آهي. هن پريس ڪانفرنس ۾ ڪامريڊ رمضان، امداد قاضي، محمد خان سولنگي، جاويد قاضي، منير ميمڻ، يونس مهر، نام آرائين، آدم ملڪ، بئريسٽر ضمير گهمرو سميت کوڙ چهرا نظر آيا، جيڪي سڀ ڪنهن نه ڪنهن ريت شهيد نذير عباسيءَ جي نظريي، تنظيم يا جدوجهد سان واڳيل رهيا.
پنهنجي رت ۾ ريٽو جهنڊو اُڀ تائين جهوليندو

ايم آر ڊي تحريڪ کان وٺي 1980ع جي ڏهاڪي ۾ نذير عباسي سنڌ جي نوجوانن جو آئيڊيل ڪردار رهيو. سنڌ جي شاگرد تحريڪ ۾ ايس اين ايس ايف ۽ ڊي ايس ايف وڏيون سُڃاڻپ رکندڙ تنظيمون رهيون. نذير عباسيءَ جو سنڌ هاري ڪاميٽي ۽ مزدور تنظيمن ۾ اهم ڪردار رهيو. حميده گهانگهرو سان سندس شادي پڻ انهن تحريڪن سبب ٿي. جمهوريت جي سڄي جدوجهد ۾ نذير عباسي هڪ اهڙو ڪردار رهيو جنهن کي پيپلز پارٽيءَ جي انقلابي نوجوانن هميشه سلام ڪيو. اڄ به پيپلز پارٽيءَ اندر شعور، ساڃهه، انقلاب ۽ عوام دوستيءَ جي سوچ رکندڙ ماڻهو نذير عباسي ۽ سندس ساٿين جي قربانين کي وڏي قدر جي نگاهه سان ڏسندا آهن. پر لُٽ مار کائو پيئو، ڪرپٽ، وزارتن، نوڪرين، لالچن پٺيان ڊوڙندڙ ماڻهو اهو سڀ وساري رهيا آهن ته ذوالفقار علي ڀُٽو ۽ محترما بينظير ڀٽو ٻنهي آخر ڪهڙي ڪارڻ کاٻي ڌر جي ماڻهن کي هميشه اهم سمجهيو. ذوالفقار علي ڀٽو، ولي خان، غوث بخش بزنجو، نواب خير بخش ۽ ڄام ساقيءَ جو احترام ڪندو هُئو ۽ سندن ڳالهيون به مڃيندو هُئو پر ڀٽو سان کاٻي ڌر کي سازش تحت ويڙهايو ويو هُئو. اهڙي ريت محترما بينظير ڀٽو جي هڪ اهڙي ڪچهريءَ ۾ ته مان پاڻ به هُئس، سندس لفظ هُئا ”مان ترقي پسند آهيان، بنياد پرست اُن ڪري منهنجي خلاف آهن پر مان انهن کان وڌيڪ مسلمان آهيان. ڪميونسٽن جي نظريي سان مون کي اختلاف ٿي سگهي ٿو پر ڪميونسٽ هميشه منهنجا ساٿي رهيا آهن.“ موجوده صدر آصف زرداري انقلاب جي ڳالهه ڪري پيو، تبديليءَ جي ڳالهه ڪري پيو، نظام بدلائڻ جي ڳالهه ڪري پيو. هن مُلڪ جا ڪميونسٽ ته 1947ع کان وٺي سماجي تبديليءَ لاءِ جنگ وڙهندا پيا اچن، کيس انهن کان صلاح ضرور وٺڻ گهرجي. هي جيڪي گدڙ ۽ ٻلا سندس پٺيان لڳل آهن، انهن خلاف پراڻا فائل کولي اُهي سڀ ڪيس هلايا وڃن. نذير عباسي ڪيس جي تحقيقات سان اهڙي شروعات ٿي سگهي ٿي. خود نذير عباسي ڪيس ئي گهڻن رازن تان پردو کڻندو. ڇو جو ان ۾ ڪيترائي ڳجها هٿ شامل آهن. اڄڪلهه جيترا به ريٽائرڊ جنرل ۽ برگيڊيئر جمهوريت جا چيمپئن بڻجي رهيا آهن، اُهي سڀ جنرل ضياءَ جا ڪارندا ۽ ڇاڙتا رهيا آهن. نذير عباسيءَ جي شهادت سندن باري ۾ سمورا ثبوت فراهم ڪري ٿي. اهڙا ثبوت کولڻ سان موجوده سرڪار جي ساک سٺي ٿيندي ۽ جمهوريت پسند ڌرين جو مٿس اعتماد وڌندو.

Tuesday, August 4, 2009

CPP organizes programs on mark Comrade Nazeer Abbasi anniversary

Karachi (PPI): Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP) has organized a procession of workers that would travel on foot from Karachi to Hyderabad for paying tributes to the renowned communist leader Comrade Nazeer Abbasi on his death anniversary. The procession would leave for Hyderabad on 7th August 2009. The participants of the procession would also attend meeting on the mark of the 29th death anniversary of Nazir Abbasi Shaheed at Hyderabad Press Club on August 09. CCP general Secretary Comrade Khadim Theem and member of the Karachi Committee Comrade Ishaq Baloch would see-off the procession. Meanwhile, a bicycle procession of workers from different areas including Sibi, Dera Murad Jamali and Dera Allah Yaar would also participate in the anniversary programs. Comrade Parkash, CPP provincial secretary for Balochistan would see-off the procession on August 6. In is pertinent to mention here that Nazeer Abbasi was brutally killed during the era of Gen Ziaul Haq due to his struggle of the rights of working class in Pakistan.

Nazeer Abbasi: martyr for freedom

Nazeer Abbasi: martyr for freedom

By Zabe Azkar Hussain
Shaheed Bhagat Singh's words, "It is easy to kill individuals but not ideas," definitely hold true in the context of the life and sacrifices of young Nazeer Abbasi, a student leader who was arrested, tortured and killed by the Ziaul Haq regime. The detention of Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP) leader Nazeer Abbasi and his comrades during Gen. Ziaul Haq's era was perhaps among the earlier cases of missing persons in the country. At the time, however, no court of law took action against this infringement of fundamental rights by the then-dictator, despite the fact that the apex court had an authority to take suo moto action and exercise its power under Article 184 (3) to investigate this 'missing persons' case.

'Anti-State' publications

Abbasi was picked up by the "secret agencies" of the State on July 30, 1980, for alleged 'anti-State' articles in "Surkh Parcham" (Red Flag), the main organ of the CPP. During interrogation, he was brutally tortured until he died on August 9, 1980. The mainstream media were directed by the then-military dictators not to disclose the fact that Abbasi and other leaders of the CPP had been arrested until Abbasi's murder in custody.

Publications such as "Surkh Parcham" projected the ideology of progressive sections of society, which rejected the then-dictatorship and undemocratic political values and class system in Pakistan. The viewpoint of the detainees was to reject imperialism, social, political and economic contradictions in society, and to support the leadership of the working class -- a socialist set up. The materials published in their pamphlets and magazines showed that they were very critical towards the class structure exploiting the lower classes -- especially the workers and the peasants -- of the country.

State paranoia

The Ziaul Haq regime had emerged after the forced and illegal removal of Z.A Bhutto's democratically-elected government, and therefore feared strong opposition from the masses. In such a situation, the dictators were not ready to spare any voice or force or party which resisted the military regime. Of course, the manifestos of the small progressive groups and parties had nothing to do with the actual political system of the country as they were not in a position to take part in elections. Instead, they believed in 'qualitative change' by inspiring and motivating the working class sections of society. It was obvious, therefore, that they would never support the cause of the military regime headed by Ziaul Haq.

Nazeer Abbasi and his comrades -- leaders of the CPP -- were against the dictatorship and the execution of Z.A Bhutto as well. In other words, they were arrested and targeted due to political reasons and not because their ideology "was a threat to the integrity of the State".

Ideas live on

It may be mentioned here that during Ayub Khan's dictatorship, Hassan Nasir, another leader of the CPP was picked up illegally and tortured to death. Contrary what the State hoped, however, both Nasir and Abbasi continued, even posthumously, to be ideals and heroes of progressive youth, political parties and groups in the country.

To this day, Nasir, Abbasi, and many others like them are considered the heroes of commitment for the cause of the down-trodden classes in Pakistan. His martyrdom is commemorated every year on August 9, and visits are paid to the Sakhi Hasan graveyard in Karachi, where Abbasi was laid to rest.

Brig (r) Imtiaz’s arrest demanded for communist leader’s murder

By Amar Guriro

KARACHI: The widow of communist leader and former office-bearer of the Communist Party of Pakistan (CPP), Shaheed Nazeer Abbasi, demanded to arrest Intelligence Bureau’s former chief Brigadier (retd) Imtiaz Ahmed for murdering her husband.

Addressing a press conference at the Karachi Press Club, Hameeda Ghangharo, widow of Abbasi, along with the deceased’s political colleagues and friends Professor Jamal Naqvi, Kamal Warsi and others, said that she waited for a long time to bring the murderers of her husband to justice and it is time to arrest them.

“Brigadier Imtiaz alias ‘Billa’ killed my husband and we demand to reopen Abassi’s murder case and Billa must be arrested,” said Ghangharo.

Communist leader Nazeer Abbasi played an important role during former president Gen Ziaul Haq and in August 1980, he mysteriously went missing, only to be found dead after eight days. “Nazeer was brutally killed after physical torture, and we have proofs that Brigadier Imtiaz killed him,” she told the press conference.

She further said that she came to the press club to seek help from the media and the government for reopening the Nazir Abassi murder case. “I demand the chief justice of Pakistan to take suo motu action and reopen the case, so that Brigadier Imtiaz could be punished,” she said.

She said that in 1994, the PPP government had reopened the case, but before its proceedings could go ahead, the government was overthrown and thus the case was suspended. “Benazir Bhutto had personally told me that Brigadier Imtiaz was responsible for my husband’s murder,” she said, adding that an FIR was already lodged in this regard.

The politics of Brigadier ‘Billa’

The politics of Brigadier ‘Billa’ - By Tahir Hasan Khan
Monday, August 31, 2009
By Tahir Hasan Khan


Brigadier (Retired) Imtiaz, also known as “Billa” is not new for the people of Sindh. He was Sindh ISI chief when political activist Nazeer Abbasi was murdered and a PIA plane was hijacked in early 80’s.

The purpose of the murder of political activist Nazeer Abbasi was to warn political workers and the hijacking incident was to sabotage the MRD (Movement for Restoration of Democracy) action launched against Gen Zia-ul Haq. As a result of his work, Billa was promoted as brigadier in the army..

Predictably, his services were terminated in the first tenure of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto. Mian Nawaz Sharif who was the then chief minister of Punjab, however, appointed Billah as his security adviser and later made him IB chief when Sharif became prime minister in 1990.

The disclosure of a secret visit of Imtiaz Billa in Sindh in 1992 was reported in this newspaper and I was very much under pressure when this was published. There was a warning for me not to publish such reports about the IB chief’s secret activities in Sindh.

The purpose of the secret visit was to convince the MQM to withdraw its support to Jam Sadiq Ali, a nominee of then President Ghulan Ishaq Khan. Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was not happy with Jam Sadiq and was in favour of Liaquat Jatoi, a finance minister in Jam Sadiq’s cabinet.

Ironically, Jatoi was dismissed by Jam Sadiq after his activities were disclosed by the intelligence agencies to the CM. It was the cold war between President Ghulam Ishaq Khan and Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif which eventually led to the military operation in Sindh. Nawaz Sharif had the backing of Chief of Army Staff Gen Asif Nawaz who launched the operation. Kidnapping for ransom was at its peak at that time and the federal government blamed most of the sitting provincial ministers in Jam Sadiq’s cabinet who were said to provide shelter to dacoits and criminals. The military operation was seen as the only solution against dacoits.

But the operation was diverted and re-launched against the MQM to crush the party. This changed the whole political culture of the Sindh and a politics of hate was generated in the province.

Four democratic governments (two each by Nawaz Sharif and Benazir Bhutto) were dismissed due to such operations and General Asif Nawaz and his team were held responsible for this damage. A number of youth were killed in the operation while the law and order situation remained very disturbed in this time. There was also a flight of capital from Sindh to Punjab.

The role of the intelligence agencies is not new neither is it a secret. PPP’s founder chairman Zulfikar Ali Bhutto in the 70s blamed the agencies for funding politicians in the election against him in Sindh and Punjab. Sindh was the main target of the intelligence agencies and the purpose of all plans and conspiracies was against Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, Benazir Bhutto and the PPP.

The state sponsored actors were behind the formation of Pakistan National Alliance (PNA) and then the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad (IJI) against Bhutto and Benazir and huge funds were distributed among the politicians. Politics is still hostage in the hand of ‘State Sponsored Actors’. These actors have absolute power and funds. They were free to do whatever they want.

There is no law and restriction for them and they openly and proudly boast of their crimes. There is no punishment for these characters from any quarter.

The disclosures of Brig Imtiaz are not new. Perhaps Pakistan is the only country in the world where the “state sponsored actors’ always act against the popular political forces. Everybody knows the role of all dictators from General Ayub to General Pervez Musharraf and the victims who are popular political forces like the PPP, the MQM and the PML from Muhammad Khan Junejo to Nawaz Sharif.

Conspiracies hatched by General Ayub, General Yahya, General Ziaul Haq, General Aslam Baig, General Asif Nawaz and General Pervez Musharraf against the elected and political leadership are neither secret nor new. The tactics of every dictator was different but they used the intelligence agencies (state sponsored actors) to damage the political leadership and system as well.

A few newspapers published stories about these conspiracies in the past but the majority of the media has avoided to publish these facts because they were very much under pressure from these state sponsored actors.

Now it is time for the electronic media and the disclosure of these state sponsored actors on TV channels is a surprising development, especially for students of political science and political observers. There must of some reason behind the activities and disclosures of state sponsored actors.

Similar tactics was used in the past and dictators derailed the democratic system after launching a character assassination campaign of the political leadership. The purpose of this campaign may be the same. The political leadership must realize and learn from their past mistakes. Nelson Mandela apologized for his mistakes and there will be no damage for our politicians if they apology for their mistakes. The involvement of state sponsored actors in the affairs of the politics is a major mistake of political governments and they must learn from this lesson. Only a judicial commission and punishment of state sponsored actors is the solution to save democracy and the system.

Custodial death of Nazeer Abbasi
Custodial death of Nazeer Abbasi
Widow, comrades demand arrest of Brig. Imtiaz

Monday, August 31, 2009
By our correspondent


The family and comrades of the late Communist Party leader Nazeer Abbasi, on Sunday demanded a retrial of Abbasi’s alleged killers and the arrest of Brigadier (Retd) Imtiaz Ahmed, former Director-General, Intelligence Bureau (IB), in the case.

Speaking at a press conference at the Karachi Press Club on Sunday, Abbasi’s widow Hameeda Ghanghro, Prof. Jamal Naqvi, and Kamal Warsi who were detained along with Nazeer Abbasi allegedly by the intelligence agencies during Gen. Zia’s rule, urged the Chief Justice of Pakistan to take suo moto notice of the case.

Mrs Abbasi recalled that the case was reopened in 1994 during second tenure of the Benazir Bhutto government, and, during preliminary investigation, it was revealed that Brigadier Imtiaz Ahmed had killed her husband.

Nazeer Abbasi was detained and killed in August 1980.

She said that the post-mortem examination report had confirmed that Nazeer Abbasi was killed because of extensive torture. She added that, after the overthrowing of the Benazir government, the case was put in cold storage.

Prof. Jamal recalled that after the “murder” of Nazeer Abbasi, pictures of Nazeer and five others, including him, were published in newspapers to show that “we are alive.” He said that Abbasi’s photograph was published in the newspapers but the caption did not give his name.

He said that when their pictures were taken, they were in state of unconsciousness because of torture.

Kamal Warsi alleged that Brig. Imtiaz had himself interrogated him and his colleagues on assumptions that they were working on a “foreign agenda.”

Hameeda Ghanghro (Mrs Abbasi) said that she had lodged an FIR of the case in August 1980 after eight days of her husband’s death and had nominated the then military ruler Gen. Ziaul Haq and the then Governor Sindh S.M.Abbasi.

She claimed that Benazir Bhutto herself had informed her that Brig. Imtiaz was involved in the murder of her husband in 1990s and she had issued a statement on that occasion that Brig. Imtiaz should be nominated and arrested in the case.

She said that the proceedings into the case had started on 17th August 1980 before a local court in the city but it was suddenly stopped.

She urged the government to initiate an inquiry against Brig. Imtiaz on charges of killing her husband and spreading anarchy and undermining democracy in the country. She also urged the Supreme Court to take suo moto notice of the case. She urged the government to set up a commission to hold an inquiry into role of Brig. Imtiaz for undermining democracy in the country.